The Nickel first appeared in 1866. The term refers to one of the metals used to strike the coin. Despite the fact that other coins were made using Nickel the term stuck in reference to the Five Cents piece. The first Nickels were the Shield Nickels minted from 1866 to 1883. In 1883, the Liberty Nickel was introduced. In 1913, the Buffalo Nickel was introduced. The purely American design featured the head of an Indian Chief on the obverse and an American bison on the reverse. A new Nickel appeared in 1938 the Jefferson Nickel and to date is the modern Nickel in circulation.